Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Safety and Accident Definition

Safety and Accident Definition
  • First Aid - When an employee, as a result of an accident in the workplace receives on-site first aid assistance. Includes cleaning minor cuts, scrapes or scratches; treating a minor burn, applying bandages and/or dressings, cold compress, cold pack, ice bag, and splints.
  • Health Care – An injury that results in attention received from a recognized health care provider but that does not result in time away from scheduled work or a wage loss
  • Incident – work related event(s) in which an injury or ill health (regardless of severity) or fatality occurred, or could have occurred
  • Accident – is an incident which has given rise to injury, ill health or fatality
  • Near Miss – an incident where no injury, ill health, or fatality involve
  • Emergency situation – is a particular type of incident
  • Management – Company’s head or in charge in each department
  • Workplace Health Services - Health Care Center
  • Reporting person – Nominated person from workplace to raise the incident / accident report
  • Internal investigation – investigation is to be conducted by team stipulated in this procedure
* External investigation – Investigation by the ministries, police or other interested parties.

Category Accident/ Incident.
The following categories of accident/incidents require an immediate investigation as they may produce a loss to people, equipment, material and environment:
  • Fatality – An injury that results in loss of life
  • Critical Injury – it is a critical injury if the injury places life in jeopardy; produces unconsciousness; results in substantial loss of blood; involves the fracture of a leg, or arm but not a finger or toe; involves the amputation of a leg, arm, hand, or foot but not a finger or toe; consists of burns to a major portion of the body; or causes the loss of sight in an eye.
  • Lost Time – A work related injury that results in the injured employee missing scheduled time from work resulting in a wage loss
  • Property Damage - When there is significant property damage, a value of $250 is suggested as a general guideline to be used by a supervisor, although other factors could impact on the need and level of investigation and reporting
  • Occupational Illness – A condition that results from exposure in a workplace to a physical, chemical or biological agent that normal physiological mechanisms are affected and the health of the worker is impaired
  • Environmental Release – An accidental discharge of a physical, biological or chemical substance into the workplace and/or community
  • Fire/Explosion – An event where undesired combustion occurs
Supervisor or department authorized person (Investigator) Responsibilities
  • The supervisor in the area where it happened investigates the accident/incident and completes the preliminary Investigation Report within 24 hours of the accident/incident or hazardous situation.
  • In the case of personal injury the supervisor calls to safety department and ensures that the injured employee(s) receive an immediate and appropriate first aid and/or health care.
  • Reports those injuries that result in critical injury to Occupational Health & Safety (OHS)
  • In conducting the accident/incident investigation and completing the Investigation Report,
the supervisor must ensure the following has been completed :
  • Assessment of the Scene
  • Inspection of the site, equipment, material that were involved in the accident/incident
  • Site must be secured especially in the case of a critical injury
  • Use of photographs, sketches, drawings of the accident/incident scene indicating sizes, distances, and weights of objects as appropriate


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